1. LINE

Line is the path of a dot , point etc. Throught space and that is always has more lenght than thickness. Lines are not all the same, especially in art. There are many types of lines. First of all, vertical lines. Vertical lines are straight up and down and perpendicular to horizontal lines. Second, horizontal lines. Horizontal lines are straight up and down and perpendicular to vertical lines. Third, diagonal lines are lines that straight in any direction expect vertical or horizontal. Other than that, zigzag lines are a series of diagonal lines joined end and end. Lastly, curved lines. Curved lines are lines that bend in any amount of degree, they may be gently wavy to tightly wound spirals.

Lines come in many varieties. They may be long, short, or anything in between. Lines also may be thick and thin. Then, lines can be smooth or rought and be continuous, implied, dotted and dashed. However, common types of lines drawings is contour line drawing. Drawings that use a fairly continous line to represent the edges and surface detail of shape or objects being drawn. gestural line drawings that use quick pencil strokes to capture a scene, gestural drawings imply action and movement. Then, hatches and cross hatched line drawing; drawings that consist or parallel lines (hatching) or crossing parallel lines (cross-hatching) drawn to create changes in lightness and darkness and texture.


  1.    TEXTURE

Texture is an element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched. There are two types of texture. First is real texture. Visual texture is the real thing. Real texture cannot be represented here because a computer screen, even with the highest quality photographs can only create simulate textures. The second is, visual or implied texture. Simulated texture is the type that is created to look like something it is not. For examples, in drawing or painting of a cat where its fur is made like real fur.


  1.    SPACE

It refer to the area that a shape or form occupies. Space can be defined as positive or negative. Positive space is the filled space, the object or element in the design. Negative space is the empty space, or the open space between design elements or objects, such as a background.


      4. FORM

Form may be described as any three-dimensional object. Form can be measured, form top to bottom (height), side to side (width), and from back to front (depth). Form is also defined by light and dark. It can be defined by the presence of shadows on surface or faces of an object. There are three types of form. First, as with geometric shapes. Geometric forms are based on mathematical descriptions. Since they are three dimensional (3D) instead of two dimensional, they are objects such as cubes, cylinders, cones and spheres. They are often the type of form that man made objects are constructed with. Second, free-form or organic form. Organic forms are irregular and are the type of forms that most things in nature are. Cloud formations, mountains, trees and bushes are all relatively free- form. Animals and even humans tend to be more free- form too, as they are ever changing forms. Finally, three dimensional (3D) media. Sculpture is the term most often used for art that is made using three dimensional media. Media (plural) or medium (singular), by the way, means the material that is used to make art. Here are some common media used for 3D design.



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